英语里元音可分为单元音(12个)和双元音(8个)。今天,小编就来给大家讲解12个单元音的发音技巧及发音方法,一起来看看吧!

 

单元音(12个): 单元音可分为长元音和短元音。

   /i:/  /ɪ/  /ɔ:/   /ɒ/

   /u:/  /ʊ/  / ɜ:/  /ә/

   /ɑ:/  /Λ/  /e/  /æ/

读一读下面的单词,看一下哪些字母发什么音,字母组合的发音。

/i:/     he these eat   green   need key

/ɪ/      big city   with   sing    kid

/ɔ:/    all also   short four more

/ɒ/    clock   lot   want what rock

/u:/    ruler    room movie do two

/ʊ/     put   book good   look

/ ɜ:/    her    learn birthday   first   work

/ә/     about hello sister doctor August Saturday

/ɑ:/     art    start   last    afternoon

/Λ/    bus    drum come son

/e/    best   when breakfast many

/æ/    bag    and   family   that apple

 

下面哪些字母或字母组合发/i:/?  

e      he    she      Chinese

ee    see   feet     sheep

ea    eat   read     meat

ie     field   believe    belief     

ei     receive seize     

哪些字母或字母组合发/ɪ/?  

y    busy     very      lady twenty   happy

i      live      miss     rich sit   picture   it   pig

e    beside   decide    elect

a    village   courage   cottage

(比较一下!)

1.it--eat        2. live— leave   

3. fill—feel      4. sit —seat

 

哪些字母或字母组合发/e/? 

ea    bread head   dead weather

e      bed    fed     ten    best hen      red  

a      anything   many

哪些字母或字母组合发/æ/ ? 

sad    mad    man    bad    apple   bag  hand happy hat   

black hat    glad    fact    stand   family   fat   cat       bag

a→/æ/

(比较一下!)

1.bet--bat          2. pet—pat    3. beg—bag        4. set—sat  

 

哪些字母或字母组合发/ ɜ:/? 

ear   earth heard  

ur    nurse       hurt burn   Thursday

ir      skirt        firm girl   shirt    thirty bird

er     her         person   term her

or     word      work

ear    learn  earth  heard

or     work  world

 

哪些字母或字母组合发/ə/?

a      ago   again     address elephant banana Canada

e      hundred parent

o       today    policeman together tomorrow today Washington

er      water   teacher  worker

or     color    doctor

ou    delicious

ar     dollar

 

怎么样,看完了这篇文章,大家是不是对英语音标的发音方法及口型有了初步的了解了呢?喜欢就赶快收藏起来吧~