In August, Dara Khosrowshahi left his job as CEO of Expedia to take over Uber.
今年8月份,Dara Khosrowshahi从Expedia离职,继而接任Uber的新一任首席执行官。

There are a few things he does to maximize effectiveness as a leader.
他做了一些事情充分发挥了领导效力。

These include: avoiding distractions, taking risks that matter, and finding ways to simplify.
其中包括了:远离干扰,敢于冒险,和寻找简化的方法。

New Uber CEO Dara Khosrowshahi has a big job at hand: Rehabilitate the ride-hailing company's battered image and keep ridership growing at a rate that will support its $68 billion valuation.
新任Uber首席执行官Dara Khosrowshahi当前有一项重要的工作:重建这家打车公司遭受重创的形象,促进载客流量增长至足以支撑其680亿美元的资产总值。

Here's how Khosrowshahi, who left his job as CEO of Expedia in August to take over Uber, maximizes his effectiveness.
下面便为您介绍Khosrowshahi,这位8月从Expdia公司离职,接任Uber首席执行官的领导是如何充分发挥他的领导效力的。

1. Avoid distractions
1. 远离干扰

"When I was in my 20s, I learned not only how to work hard, but about the importance of focus," Khosrowshahi reflected in an interview with Entrepreneur. "Early on, I learned the importance of being acutely focused on my goals — and the importance of fostering a culture that avoids unnecessary restrictions."
“在我20多岁的时候,我不仅学会了如何努力工作,也领悟到了专注的重要性。” 这是Khosrowshahi在一次与《企业家》杂志的采访时的回应。“在早期,我领悟了高度专注于目标的重要性——以及营造一种远离不必要限制的公司文化的重要性。”

2. Take the risks that matter
2. 敢于冒险

Khosrowshahi told travel industry site Skift how he approaches high-impact decision-making: "90% of the time you're going to make the decision that everyone else is going to make because usually 90% of decisions are fairly obvious. But 10% of the time you're going to make a different decision and the key is what is that 10%." He added, "You want to be different as a company, you want edge, you want an angle that separates you from the crowd. Be careful what those choices are, but you've got to have an edge to be different." Otherwise you resign yourself to mediocrity.
Khosrowshahi告诉旅游行业网站Skift他是如何实现高效决策的:“有90%的时候你都会做出那些别人准备做的决定,因为通常90%的决定都是显而易见的。但是剩下的10%则是你做出不一样决定的时候,并且往往关键就在那10%的时候。”他补充道,“你想要自己的公司与众不同,你想要优势,你想要从茫茫公司之中出类拔萃。请对那些选择决定多加留心,但是你总是有优势使得自己与众不同的。”否则你就会让自己默默无闻。

3. Look for life's cheat codes
3. 找到生活的捷径

At an event hosted by The Beat, Khosrowshahi said, "The best engineers are cheaters. What they do is figure out how to cheat so that instead of building this thing that's going to take a year, I can drive a shortcut that will allow me to build it in two weeks or a month." That allows fast-paced innovation, which leads to serving customers better.
在一次动感香水品牌举办的商业活动当中,Khowsrowshahi表示,“最出色的工程师通常都很会撒谎。他们做的事情就是找到作弊的方法,而不是花一年时间潜心研究这件事情,我可以在需要花上2周或1月的事情上直接找捷径。”那就需要快速的创新,由此引领更高的客户服务质量。

4. Bend instead of breaking
4. 灵活应变而不是中断前进

"Learning to cope with endless demands on your time — at a young age — will both position and prepare you for advancement and growth," Khosrowshahi explained to Entrepreneur. "As you move up, business problems become nonlinear and systems less predictable. A uniform approach just won't cut it so you have to approach problems differently, with flexibility."
“学会处理时间上无止境的任务——在年轻的时候——既能为你的前进与进步定位也能做好准备。”Khosrowshahi向《企业家》杂志的编辑解释道。“在你前进的过程中,商业问题就会变得越来越无规则,系统也越来越难以预计。统一应对的方法就是不停步,这样你就能灵活地以不同方式解决问题。”

"If I could give my 30-year-old self one piece of advice, without a doubt it would be that it's OK to fail," he added. "If you're constrained by fear of failure, you won't be able to give yourself the freedom to adjust your approach."
“如果让我给30岁的我一条建议,毫无疑问的必须是不怕失败,”他补充道,“如果你让自己受限于恐惧或失败,你不会给自己改变策略的空间。”

5. Follow the K.I.S.S. rule ('keep it simple, stupid')
5. 遵循K.I.S.S.法则(让事情变得单调)

"The ability to simplify is an underrated skill," Khosrowshahi said, according to Bloomberg. That's simple enough advice to follow.
“简化的能力总是被人们低估了,”Khosrowshahi说道,根据他在Bloomberg公司的访问。那是再简单不过的处事法则了。

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